Supercritical CO2 is recognized as a promising working fluid for next-generation of high temperature power cycles. Nevertheless, the use of CO2 mixtures with heavier dopants is emerging as a promising alternative to supercritical CO2 cycles in the recent years for air-cooled systems in hot environments. Accordingly, this work presents an experimental campaign to assess the thermodynamic behaviour of the CO2+SiCl4 mixture to be used as working fluid for high-temperature applications, conducted in the laboratories of CTP Mines Paris PSL. At first, bubble conditions of the mixture are measured in a variable volume cell (PVT technique), then liquid densities are measured with a vibrating tube densimeter, for molar composition in the range between 70 % and 90 % of CO2. The Peng Robinson EoS was fine-tuned on the bubble points obtained, resulting in a satisfactory accuracy level. Finally, a non-conventional methodology has been developed to measure bubble points with the vibrating tube densimeter, whose results are consistent with the VLE data obtained with the standard PVT technique. Thermodynamic analysis in next-generation concentrated solar power plant, at 700 °C turbine inlet, confirms the mixture overcomes 50 % thermal efficiency, providing +4.2 % net electrical output over pure supercritical CO2 at equal thermal power from the solar field.



  • M. Doninelli, G. Di Marcoberardino, C.M Invernizzi, P. Iora – Università degli Studi di Brescia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica ed Industriale, via Branze, 38, 25123, Brescia, Italy
  • G. Manzolini, E. Morosini – Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Energia, Via Lambruschini 4A, 20156, Milano, Italy
  • M. Riva, P. Stringari – Mines Paris, PSL University, Centre of Thermodynamics of Processes (CTP), 77300, Fontainebleau, France