Carbon dioxide binarFIGy mixtures are increasingly considered as working fluids in transcritical power cycles, due to the capability to perform liquid-phase compression even at high environmental temperatures. However, a robust thermodynamic model is essential for optimal and reliable design conditions. It is widely recognized that fine-tuning the equation of state with experimental vapor-liquid equilibrium data of the mixture significantly enhances its reliability.

In this work, a new apparatus dedicated to vapour-liquid equilibrium measurements of mixtures is presented. The proposed method consists of a constant-volume system, where bubble points are identified from the divergence of slope of the isochoric lines between the two-phase and liquid regions, in the temperature-pressure plane. The temperature and pressure limits of the apparatus are 503 K and 25 MPa. Bubble points of CO2 binary mixtures with hexafluorobenzene (C6F6) and n-pentane (C5H12) have been measured and compared with previous literature data for validation purposes. Then, the CO2 mixture with octafluorocyclobutane (c-C4F8) is experimentally studied, addressing a literature gap in bubble point data.

The data are used to calibrate the thermodynamic model, leading to affordable design conditions of the power cycle compared to the non-optimized thermodynamics scenario, in a concentrated solar power tower plant.


  • M. Doninelli, G. Di Marcoberardino, C.M Invernizzi and P. Iora – Università degli Studi di Brescia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica ed Industriale, via Branze, 38, 25123, Brescia, Italy